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Origin of the ERB

The adoption of the liberalisation policy in the 1990s in Zambia brought major changes in the institutional and legal framework, the energy sector, which was previously characterised by monopolies operating under extensive government control. This did not allow competition as it stifled growth, denying the sector capital that is vital for its growth.

The first initiative at liberalising the Energy sector was the creation of a ministry responsible for energy. This was followed by the formulation of the National Energy policy to guide developments in the energy sector.

It was during the National Energy Policy development initiative that extensive consultations with stakeholders indicated the need for an autonomous Energy Regulatory Authority for fruitful liberalization and private sector participation in the energy sector. The Energy Regulation Board (ERB) was consequently created under the Energy Regulation Act of 1995 Chapter 436 of the Laws of Zambia following the issuance of Statutory Instrument number 6 of 1997, the Energy Regulation Act (Commencement Order) of 27th January 1997.

Our Role


The role of the ERB is that of balancing the needs of undertakings with the needs of energy consumers. The Board has the responsibility to ensure that utilities earn a reasonable rate of return on their investments that is necessary to provide a quality service at affordable prices to the consumer. In order to carry out this role, the ERB, among other functions, ensures that all energy utilities in the sector are licensed, monitors levels and structures of competition, investigates and remedies consumer complaints.