Renewable Energy Regulation

As a nation blessed with abundant natural resources and a growing demand for sustainable energy solutions, it is crucial for us to establish a robust regulatory framework to harness the full potential of renewable energy sources. By implementing effective regulations, we aim to foster a vibrant renewable energy sector that not only addresses our energy needs but also bolsters economic growth, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and creates a cleaner and healthier environment for generations to come. Explore this page to gain insights into the need and the myriad benefits of regulating renewable energy activity in Zambia.


Electricity is generated from various energy sources which include; Solar, Hydro, Diesel Generators, Thermal and Waste to Energy among others. For whichever choice of energy source for electricity generation, the following are the steps to follow for setting up an electricity generation plant:

  1. Assumption is that the company is registered with the relevant government agency within Zambia e.g. Patents and Companies Registration Agency, Registrar of Societies etc.;
  2. The company should identify and acquire land where the proposed project will be undertaken;
  3. Carry out feasibility study on the acquired land to determine suitability of the selected land for carrying out the proposed project;
  4. The outcome of the feasibility study in 3 above will be an Environmental Project Brief (EPB) or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) depending on the scale of operations;
  5. Submit the EPB/EIA to Zambia Environmental Management Agency (“ZEMA”) for review;
  6. ZEMA will issue a decision letter as an outcome of the EPB/EIA review;
  7. In the event that an Approval Decision Letter is issued by ZEMA, the company will be expected to apply for a Construction Permit from the Energy Regulation Board (“ERB”)by submitting the following requirements:
    • Approval decision letter issued by ZEMA;
    • Detailed site layout plans, engineering and structural drawings according to applicable regulations, Zambian National Standards, Guidelines or Orders issued by the Energy Regulation Board;
    • Approval by relevant Local Authority (or Traditional leader where applicable) for sitting of the energy facility;
    • Completed appendix showing the description and capacity of the energy facility;
    • Approval from the Road Development Agency or any other appropriate authority, where applicable;
    • Practicing certificate issued by the Engineering Institution of Zambia for the Registered Engineering Professional that will supervise the project;
    • Letter of appointment of the Registered Engineering Professional or brief contract between the Developer and the Engineering Professional to supervise the project;
    • Five years business plan showing the projected financial statements i.e. Cash flow, Profit and Loss, and the Balance sheet statements;
    • Declaration of availability of funds in Form II set out in the first schedule of SI No. 42 of 2021; and
    • Any other approval from an appropriate authority having jurisdiction in the area being proposed to be developed e.g. National Heritage Conservation Commission (NHCC)
  8. The Energy Regulation Board may cause before consideration of the application for a Construction Permit conduct an assessment to ascertain the financial and technical capacity of the Applicant to carry out the activity among others;
  9. Once the Construction Permit is issued, the Developer is advised to liaise with the ERB as the construction of the power plant progresses in order to build collaboration between parties. The Developer shall submit regular progress reports to the ERB as the construction and testing of installed equipment progresses;
  10. The Developer shall apply for the Licence to Generate Electricity prior to commencing operations in a manner prescribed by the ERB;
  11. A provisional licence that is valid for six (6) months will be issued once the licence application is processed and all the technical and financial requirements are met. During the validity of the provisional licence, the ERB shall further process the Licence application by gazetting at government printers for 14 days and seek Board approval prior to issuing the Standard Licence to Generate Electricity valid for 30 years.

Solar Importers Registration

The requirements are as follows:        

  • Purchase of a license application form at a non-refundable fee
  • Five or three year business plan for first time or renewal applicants respectively
  • Cost of investment in the solar business only
  • Latest signed audited financial statements (for incorporated entities)
  • Certificate of incorporation /registration issued by relevant Agencies in Zambia
  • Proof of funds ie bank statement or commitment letter from funder
  • Current list of shareholders and directors issued by a relevant registration Agency in Zambia
  • Latest annual returns from relevant registration Agency in Zambia
  • Latest and valid tax clearance certificate from the Zambia Revenue Authority



Following a duly lodged application:

  • A technical inspection to ascertain the technical capabilities for a particular entity to undertake the activity is done. This is done alongside a financial assessment which aims at ascertaining the financial viability and application fee payable.

Technical Inspection involves the following:        

  • Background information regarding the physical address where the activity will be undertaken
  • Contact details
  • Business Model
  • Competence of technical personnel (our licence incorporates manufacture, wholesale importation and installation of solar energy and energy efficient devices)
  • Availability of a demonstration facility (critical for installers)
  • Familiarity with applicable standards
  • Availability of workshop area equipt with tools (if repairs will be done)
  • Adequacy of Warehouse and showroom (if the model allows walk in and out clients)
  • Conformity assessment to related standards